Catalonia has a proud history of popular protest, from the 15th-century peasant revolts to an anarchist-led revolution, and the anti-Franco resistance that followed. This has not been hindered by Catalans’ desire for independence, but nurtured by it.
Luke Stobart is currently writing a book for Verso on contemporary challenges to the status quo in the Spanish state.
Catalans helped Pedro Sánchez become president. How will he respond?
As Catalonia prepares to declare independence we examine the history and politics behind its independence movement.
Spain votes in a general election on Sunday. Can Podemos reclaim its earlier momentum?