6 Articles by: Jean-Numa Ducange

Jean-Numa Ducange is a professor at Université de Rouen, and is the author of Jules Guesde: The Birth of Socialism and Marxism in France (Palgrave, 2020) and Quand la Gauche pensait la Nation: Nationalités et socialismes à la Belle-Époque (Fayard, 2021).

The Communards Were More Than Just Beautiful Martyrs

150 years since the Paris Commune, the militants who built the world’s first working-class government are often commemorated as martyrs rather than taken seriously as revolutionaries. Yet in the years after 1871, socialists sought to draw practical lessons from this experience — and build the organizations that could turn the Commune’s promise into lasting social change.