2 Articles by: Ben Lewis

Ben Lewis is a translator and a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of Leeds. He publishes previously untranslated works of German Marxism at Marxism Translated.

Karl Kautsky Was Once a Revolutionary

Lenin’s famous denunciation of Karl Kautsky as a “renegade” has long discouraged Marxists from actually engaging with the German-Austrian socialist’s writings. But if the Bolshevik leader sharply criticized Kautsky’s retreats, this was also because of his great admiration for his earlier work — a revolutionary Marxism that lay decisive stress on the battle for democracy.