Between the Risings

As Ireland celebrates the centenary of 1916, the conditions on the island offer possibilities for socialist politics not seen in one hundred years.

In 1914, the Irish Citizen Army, a militia founded to defend striking workers, settled on a design for its flag: a farm plough made in the shape of the constellation Ursa Major, the plough of the heavens. It became known as the “starry plough.” The distinctive banner was a source of pride for the Citizen […]

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