The General Who Brought Down the American Empire

In 2002, the Pentagon staged a $250 million war game known as the “Millennium Challenge.” It was supposed to be a fixed fight  — until a retired Marine lieutenant general, playing the role of a Middle Eastern country, brought the US military to its knees.

The war began in early 2007. Several months earlier, an earthquake had devastated Iran. From the ashes of that disaster, a rogue Iranian general broke from the ayatollah and asserted iron-fisted control over part of the country. Most dramatically, he began charging ships a toll to guarantee safe passage through the Persian Gulf. Washington refused […]