Downward Slope

After decades of rapid growth, the population of China is on the decline.

With a birth rate once so great that, in 1979, the Chinese government implemented a controversial “one-child policy” — enforced with fees that pushed many second and third children of poor families into a shadowy, extralegal existence — the world power now faces the opposite problem: so great a downturn in births that the population no longer reproduces itself. […]

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