“A Free Homeland and a Happy People”

Iraq’s Communist movement has survived nine decades filled with tragedy and fleeting success. Can it shape the new Iraq?

Illustration by Jan Robert Duennweller

Socialist organizers endured much in the twentieth century, but few fared worse than the cadre of the Iraqi Communist Party (ICP). Founded in 1934, the ICP has survived fierce repression under both the monarchy and the Ba‘athist dictatorship. At one time, Iraq’s communists were bound together in one of the Arab world’s largest formations. By […]

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