Was the Ba‘ath Party Socialist?

Despite its early accomplishments, Ba‘athism was always subject to the whims of a party elite more concerned with preserving power than revolutionary transformation.

Illustration by Ricardo Santos

Was the Ba‘ath Party socialist? The simple answer would be yes. In its first meeting in a Damascus café in 1947, the Ba‘ath Party adopted the slogan “Unity, Liberty, and Socialism.” It was the principles of Arab nationalism and unity, however, as well as liberty from colonial rule, that shaped its early political agendas. The […]

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