The South African Blame Game

The colonial history of South Africa lives on in conspiracy theories about the “Third Force,” but it’s not secret external enemies plaguing South Africa today — it’s the country’s own ruling class.

In South Africa, it is referred to as the “Third Force.” It’s a way to describe the mysterious external actors supposedly moving to destabilize the country by stirring up protests, strikes, and other forms of resistance. The term itself dates back to a very real conspiracy: the covert support of the apartheid government and the […]

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