Planning for a White Terror

In 1919, with the US ruling class gripped by fear of a Bolshevik-inspired revolution in America, nativist army leaders made contingency plans for a brutal crackdown. Here’s what they had in store for New York City, the epicenter of immigrant radicalism.

In 1919, the United States was roiled by the greatest wave of strikes in its history, as well as by fears that the radical appeal of the Russian Revolution might spread across the Atlantic. The country was also in the grip of rising hostility toward immigrants, inflamed further by paranoia that these newcomers were bringing […]

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