How Socialism in the Villages Went Wrong

Instead of imposing collectivization from above, Julius Nyerere tried to build a rural socialism based on the values of Tanzania’s villages.

(AFP / Getty Images)

The most pressing condition that many a builder of socialism has historically had to contend with has not been capitalism but a peasant-dominated society. Had he been a doctrinaire Marxist, Julius Nyerere — Tanzania’s leader from before its independence from Britain in 1961 to well into the 1980s — may have looked at his country […]

Sorry, but this article is available to subscribers only. Please log in or become a subscriber.